Science Reveals Why Some People Get Angry When Hungry
Have you ever seen an advertisement with the dialogue ” Lo rese if you’re hungry “? Or have you ever met an acquaintance when he was hungry, or have you felt that way yourself?
If so, then you have experienced “hangry” or “hanger”, the acronym for the words hungry and angry. This phenomenon is found when people become grumpy and angry because they eat late or are hungry.
But where did this phenomenon come from? So why only a few people become hangry? The answer lies in several processes that occur in your body when you need food.
There is a scientific explanation of several factors that trigger some people to become annoyed when they are hungry.
Physiological mechanism and phenomenon of angry because of hunger
The carbohydrates, proteins, and fats that come from all the food you eat are digested into simple sugars (such as glucose), amino acids, and free fatty acids. These nutrients enter your bloodstream where they are then distributed to organs and tissues and used for energy.
Overtime after you eat, the amount of nutrients circulating in your bloodstream begins to decrease. If your blood glucose level drops significantly, your brain will perceive it as a life-threatening situation.
Unlike most of the other organs and tissues in your body that can use a variety of nutrients to keep functioning, your brain relies heavily on glucose to do its job.
You may already notice your brain’s dependence on glucose; simple things can become difficult to do when you are hungry and blood glucose levels drop. You may find it difficult to concentrate, for example, or you may make silly mistakes. Or you may have noticed that your words get messy or messy when you’re hungry.
Another thing that can be made more difficult when you are hungry is behaving according to socially accepted norms, such as not yelling at people. So while you can probably try not to get angry with your partner, you might just slip by and accidentally yell at those you are closest to or who you care about the most, such as your spouse and friends. Sound familiar?
Hunger causes stress
Apart from a decrease in blood glucose concentrations, another reason people become hangry is the presence of a glucose counter-regulatory response. Here’s the explanation.
When blood glucose levels drop to a certain limit, your brain sends instructions to several organs in your body to form and release hormones that increase the amount of glucose in your bloodstream.
The four main glucose counter-regulatory hormones are Growth hormone from the pituitary gland located deep in the brain, glucagon from the pancreas, and adrenaline (which is sometimes called epinephrine), and cortisol, both of which come from the adrenal glands. The last two hormones are stress hormones that are released into your bloodstream in a variety of stressful situations.
Adrenaline is one of the hormones released into your bloodstream to respond to a “fight or flight” response to sudden threats. Like when you see, hear, or even think of something that threatens your safety, the same response occurs when you are hungry.
Both are controlled by the same genes
Another reason hunger is linked to anger is that they are both controlled by the same genes. The product of one of these genes is neuropeptide Y, a natural brain chemical that is released into the brain when you are hungry. This substance stimulates appetite by acting on various receptors in the brain, including the so-called Y1 receptor.
Apart from acting in the brain to control hunger, neuropeptide Y and Y1 receptors also regulate people’s anger. Then, people with high levels of neuropeptide Y in their brain fluid and spinal cord also tended to show high levels of aggressiveness.
Several pathways can make you prone to anger when you are hungry. The hanger is undoubtedly a survival mechanism that has helped the lives of humans and other animals. Think of it like this: If a hungry organism just stands by and lets other organisms eat before them, their species could go extinct.
While many physical factors contribute to the hanger, psychosocial factors also play a role. Culture influences whether you express verbal anger directly or indirectly, for example.
And everyone is different, no wonder there is a difference in how angry a person looks when he is hungry.
Overcoming anger because of hunger
The easiest way to handle a hanger is to eat something before you get too hungry. While you may crave fast food, such as chocolate and potato chips when you are very hungry, fast food generally encourages a rapid rise in blood glucose levels but they also drop quickly.
In the end, these kinds of foods tend to make you feel hungrier. So, consume natural foods rich in nutrients that help satisfy hunger for as long as possible, without excess energy.
Eating immediately after you feel hungry is not always possible. This may be the case when you have a long work schedule at the office, during a religious fast, or during a weight loss diet that involves extreme energy restrictions (such as a regular fasting diet). All of these things should only be done if your doctor has permitted you.
In these cases, it may help to remember that over time, your glucose counter-regulatory response will increase and your blood glucose levels will stabilize. Then, when you don’t eat, your body starts breaking down its fat stores for energy, some of which your body converts into ketones, a product of fat metabolism. Ketones are thought to help control your hunger because your brain can use ketones as a substitute for glucose for fuel.
Lastly, the very civilized way of handling the hanger is to deal with this predicament after eating and not before!